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Janusz SalamonCorresponding author

John Hick's philosophy of religious pluralism - A Critical Examination

8 - 2003, pages 167-182
Date of online publication: 22 September 2016
Date of publication: 30 November 2003


The philosophical challenge that religious diversity poses for religious belief has become in recent years the focal point of a very engaging theological and philosophical debate. The debate began in the Christian context and it would be fair to say that its main issue remains the relationship of Christianity to other major religions. Traditionally Christian thinkers faced with the fact of religious plurality have assumed that Christianity is the only way to salvation, and the truth-claims of other religions can be refuted by way of argument. This position is described today as 'exclusivist'. John Hick's name has become synonymous with a radically different approach to the whole
issue. Hick argues that all religious traditions make contact with the same Ultimate Reality ('the Real'), each encountering it through a variety of culturally shaped forms of thought and experience, but all offering equally effective paths to 'salvation/liberation'. Hick's pluralistic hypothesis, although very popular in some quarters, appears to many Christian and non-Christian thinkers as highly controversial.

Cite this article

Salamon, Janusz. “John Hick’s Philosophy of Religious Pluralism – A Critical Examination.” Forum Philosophicum 8 (2004): 167–82. doi:10.35765/forphil.2003.0801.9.