Piotr LenartowiczCorresponding author

Substance and Cognition of Biological Phenomena

4 – 1999, pages 55-71
Date of online publication: 30 November 2020
Date of publication: 30 November 1999


Biologists are not used to the term „substance". They prefer to say „a living being", „an organism", a „specimen of species Homo sapiens'' - for instance. Chemists, on the other hand, when they say „this is a new substance" they usually mean the same Aristotle would mean - I think. The chemical meaning of the term „substance" is closest to the one I am going to discuss in this paper. To know a substance, one has to accumulate and store a multitude of different forms of evidence concerning this „natural behavior". So that concept of the „nature" of a given chemical substance is necessarily very complex and it cannot result from a single sensation, or a momentary observation

Cite this article

Lenartowicz, Piotr. "Substance and Cognition of Biological Phenomena." Forum Philosophicum 4 (1999): 55–71. doi:10.35765/forphil.1999.0401.4.