Sebastian Tomasz KołodziejczykCorresponding authorORCID id

Reference, Description, and Explanation. Where Metaphysics Went Wrong?

14/2 - Fall 2009, pages 175-191
Date of online publication: 15 November 2009
Date of publication: 01 November 2009


The classical arguments against metaphysics provided by Immanuel Kant, neopositivists and recently by analytical philosophers focus on the problem of meaning. In my paper I would like to shed a little bit of light on different dimensions of this problem in the metaphysical discourse and make a proposition how to overcome the difficulties that arise from this kind of discourse.


Cite this article

Kołodziejczyk, Sebastian Tomasz. “Reference, Description, and Explanation: Where Metaphysics Went Wrong?” Forum Philosophicum 14, no. 2 (2009): 175–91. doi:10.35765/forphil.2009.1402.16.


Aristotle. Aristotle’s Metaphysics. A revised text with introduction and commentary by W. D. Ross. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press, 1924.

Aristotle. Aristotle’s Categories and De interpretatione. Translated with notes by J. L. Ackrill. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press, 1966.

Ayer, J. A. Language, Truth, and Logic. New York: Dover Publications, 1953.

Dummett, Michael Anthony Eardley. The Logical Basis of Metaphysics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Gilson, Étienne. Being and Some Philosophers. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1952.

Hume, David. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Edited by Tom Beauchamp. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press, 2000.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by Norman Kemp Smith. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1965.

Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Edited by Alexander Campbell Fraser with Introduction by Walter R. Ott. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 2004.

Łukasiewicz, Jan. O zasadzie sprzeczności u Arystotlesa. Studyum Krytyczne. Kraków: Akademia Umiejętności, 1910.

Plantinga, Alvin. Warrant and Proper Function. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Strawson, P. F. Individuals. An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics. London: Methuen, 1959.