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Sanford S. LevyCorresponding author

Philippa Foot's Theory of Natural Goodness

14/1 - Spring 2009, pages 1-15
Date of online publication: 15 June 2009
Date of publication: 01 June 2009


Philippa Foot's book, Natural Goodness, involves a large project including a theory of natural goodness, a theory of the virtues, and a theory of practical rationality. Natural goodness is the foundation for the rest and is used to support a more or less traditional list of the virtues and a theory of reasons for action. Though Foot's doctrine of natural goodness may provide an account of some sort of goodness, I argue that it is not adequate as a foundation for practical rationality or as a defense of more or less traditional virtues.


Cite this article

Levy, Sanford S. “Philippa Foot's Theory of Natural Goodness.” Forum Philosophicum 14, no. 1 (2009): 1–15. doi:10.35765/forphil.2009.1401.01.


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Foot, Philippa. Natural Goodness. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001.

Moore, G. E. Principia Ethica. London: Cambridge University Press, 1903.

Scanlon, Thomas M. What We Owe To Each Other. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.