Józef Bremer

Aristotle on Touch

Article
16/1 - Spring 2011, pages 73–87
Date of online publication: 24 mars 2011
Date of publication: 24 mars 2011

Abstract

According Aristotle's On the Soul, the first and most important form of sensation which we human beings share with other animals is a sense of touch. Without touch animals cannot exist. The first part of my article presents Aristotle's teaching about the internal connection between the soul and the sensory powers, especially as regards the sense of touch. The second part consists of a collection of the classical considerations about this subject. The third part then deals with the actuality of some Aristotle's thesis about touch with reference to current research in neurophysiology on kinesthesia and haptic perception.

Keywords

Cite this article

Bremer, Józef. “Aristotle on Touch.” Forum Philosophicum 16, no. 1 (2011): 73–87. doi:10.5840/forphil201116115.

Bibliography

Aristotle. On the Senses. Tranlated by John Isaac Beare. Accessed March 18 2011. http://http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/sense.html.

Aristotle. On the Soul. Translated by John Alexander Smith. Accessed March 18 2011. http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.html.

Bos, Abraham P. “The Soul’s Instrument for Touching in Aristotle, On the Soul II 11, 422b 34–423a 21.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 92, no.1 (2010): 89–102.

Bremer, Józef. Osoba – fikcja czy rzeczywistość. Kraków: Aureus, 2008.

Caston, Victor. “The Spirit and the Letter. Aristotle on Perception.” In Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics in Ancient Thought, edited by Ricardo Salles, 245–320. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005.

Davenport, Anne A. “Aristotle and Descartes on Touch.” New Arcadia Review 2 (2004). Accessed 2004. http://hea-www.harvard.edu/SSXG/NAR/Touch.pdf.

Duus, Peter. Diagnostyka topograficzna w neurologii: anatomia, fizjologia, klinika. Warszawa: Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich, 1989.

Grunwald, Martin ed. Human Haptic Perception: Basics and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2008.

Jacobson, Stanley, and Elliott M. Marcus. Neuroanatomy for the Neuroscientist. Dordrecht: Springer, 2008.

Johansen, Thomas Kjeller. Aristotle on the Sense-Organs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998/2009.

Neisser, Ulric. “The Ecological Self and Its Metaphors.” Philosophical Topics 26, no. 1–2 (1999): 201–215. doi:10.5840/philtopics1999261/244.

Noback, Charles R., David A. Ruggiero, Robert J. Demarest, and Norman L. Strominger, eds. The Human Nervous System: Structure and Function.Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2005.

Scheerer Eckart, “Sinnen, die.” In Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie, 13 vols, edited by Joachim Ritter, Karlfried Gründer and Gottfried Gabriel, 9:824–869. Basel: Schwabe, 1995.

Sears, Elizabeth. “Sensory Perception and its Metaphors in the Time of Richard of Fourniva.” In Medicine and the five Senses, edited by W. F. Bynum and Roy Porter, 17–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Yasmeen, Gisèle. Urban Agriculture in India: A Survey of Expertise, Capacities and Recent. Experience Capacities and Recent Experience, Cities Feed People Report 32. Ottawa, ON, Canada: IDRC, 2001.

Zirbes, Lara, et al. “A New Case of Consensual Decision: Collective Movement in Earthworms.” Ethology: the International Journal of Behavioural Biology 116, no. 6 (2010): 546–553.

Copyright

© Forum Philosophicum