Hans-Dieter Mutschler

Ist die Welt Kausal Geschlossen?
[Is the World Causally Closed?]

10 - 2005, pages 113–127
Date of online publication: 15 June 2015
Date of publication: 01 November 2005


In this article the author discusses the views concerning “the causal closure of the world” that play a significant role in the debate about the mind-body relation. In his opinion, “the causal closure of the world” is questionable, due to the fact that the known laws of physics are based on idealized objects that do not manage to describe, in every respect, particular cases. In addition, in the sciences there is no single theory describing nature, but many different, logically unrelated theories: physics, biology, cybernetics, systems theory. The so-called “qua-problem” appears already within the natural sciences. Looking at it from this perspective we cannot accept any version of the “causal closure of the world”, and that in turn implies that spontaneous commencements of causal chains also occur in nature – something which in turn allows us to conceive of the appearance of freedom.


Cite this article

Mutschler, Hans-Dieter. “Ist die Welt Kausal Geschlossen?” Forum Philosophicum 10 (2005): 113–127. doi:10.5840/forphil20051015.